Appendix D Detailed VOC coefficients (uninterrupted flow)

Table 41: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 21.65553 0.682568 8.926626 1.86E-05 0.029245 0.000812 0.040681
02. Medium Car 28.58679 0.689129 10.27355 1.43E-05 0.027139 0.000945 0.030451
03. Large Car 37.23451 0.714542 10.81935 1.09E-05 0.023979 0.001031 0.020684
04. Courier Van-Utility 32.14678 0.671992 8.085664 1.53E-05 0.039596 0.002492 0.023847
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 35.49258 0.704089 7.16007 1.45E-05 0.034579 0.0021 0.0163
06. Light Rigid 44.70851 0.690409 5.571115 2.38E-05 0.042392 0.001879 0.013114
07. Medium Rigid 51.70626 0.64653 8.310133 2.08E-05 0.037528 0.001762 0.010923
08. Heavy Rigid 64.34463 0.45218 10.40255 3.42E-05 0.082007 0.000232 0.006585
09. Heavy Bus 100.1854 0.599271 9.039805 1.14E-05 0.066026 0.001052 0.004438
10. Artic 4 Axle 86.46287 0.443656 9.169067 3.51E-05 0.087456 0.000257 0.006451
11. Artic 5 Axle 95.65238 0.48678 8.851208 3.03E-05 0.083934 0.000404 0.004411
12. Artic 6 Axle 103.6022 0.491922 8.586421 2.8E-05 0.085237 0.000367 0.004082
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 109.6991 0.507333 7.403231 2.75E-05 0.081194 0.000107 0.003943
14. B-Double 121.4093 0.483655 7.876344 2.41E-05 0.091051 0.000148 0.003567
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 120.4225 0.501057 7.606813 2.45E-05 0.085776 0.000191 0.003593
16. A-Double 146.9991 0.477559 7.54018 1.95E-05 0.096147 8.86E-05 0.002989
17. B Triple 170.3634 0.488334 7.864302 1.58E-05 0.097835 0.000332 0.00258
18. A B Combination 166.3673 0.475805 7.006039 1.75E-05 0.09811 -5.2E-05 0.002671
19. A-Triple 186.8652 0.480136 6.884288 1.56E-05 0.099253 -2E-05 0.002393
20. Double B-Double 189.7076 0.479935 6.579042 1.57E-05 0.098984 -0.00013 0.002361

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 0

Curvature = 20° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 42: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 21.66246 0.684502 8.768415 1.8E-05 0.0298 0.000759 0.043477
02. Medium Car 28.60306 0.691181 10.09801 1.36E-05 0.027718 0.000888 0.033003
03. Large Car 37.27617 0.716756 10.61812 1.02E-05 0.024594 0.000968 0.022989
04. Courier Van-Utility 32.16708 0.664829 8.087403 1.6E-05 0.039782 0.002468 0.026789
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 35.52194 0.698627 7.155194 1.51E-05 0.03476 0.002075 0.017918
06. Light Rigid 44.70767 0.690012 5.494819 2.35E-05 0.042572 0.001863 0.014156
07. Medium Rigid 51.73376 0.627128 8.480745 2.37E-05 0.037502 0.001748 0.012201
08. Heavy Rigid 64.40828 0.424878 10.71108 3.87E-05 0.081776 0.000231 0.007219
09. Heavy Bus 100.4786 0.580512 9.200564 1.41E-05 0.065886 0.001041 0.004881
10. Artic 4 Axle 86.53048 0.425281 9.182197 3.8E-05 0.087723 0.000201 0.007054
11. Artic 5 Axle 95.73909 0.476725 8.757648 3.15E-05 0.085014 0.000297 0.004718
12. Artic 6 Axle 103.705 0.482078 8.490884 2.91E-05 0.086408 0.000254 0.004347
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 109.8207 0.488207 7.50567 3.09E-05 0.081612 4.8E-05 0.004173
14. B-Double 121.5633 0.465999 7.944521 2.71E-05 0.091667 7.45E-05 0.003769
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 120.5663 0.481958 7.696449 2.79E-05 0.086353 0.000121 0.003803
16. A-Double 147.2284 0.456474 7.683767 2.33E-05 0.096413 3.98E-05 0.003152
17. B Triple 170.9616 0.469714 7.934173 1.88E-05 0.098067 0.000272 0.002716
18. A B Combination 166.669 0.453332 7.19835 2.21E-05 0.097883 -7E-05 0.002803
19. A-Triple 187.6023 0.459523 7.026224 2E-05 0.098623 -3E-05 0.002496
20. Double B-Double 190.2648 0.458884 6.752736 2.04E-05 0.098383 -0.00013 0.002462

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 0

Curvature = 120° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 43: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 21.71945 0.683456 8.407408 1.71E-05 0.030865 0.000661 0.052795
02. Medium Car 28.72457 0.690163 9.662748 1.25E-05 0.028907 0.000775 0.041417
03. Large Car 37.54378 0.714285 10.12023 8.86E-06 0.02584 0.000841 0.030385
04. Courier Van-Utility 32.32619 0.633967 8.075438 1.94E-05 0.04055 0.002375 0.038047
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 35.75135 0.673498 7.158748 1.88E-05 0.03548 0.00198 0.023408
06. Light Rigid 44.76709 0.674658 5.507015 2.61E-05 0.04269 0.001842 0.017887
07. Medium Rigid 51.97566 0.536519 9.219307 4.04E-05 0.038001 0.00166 0.017562
08. Heavy Rigid 65.10272 0.315792 11.51216 6.06E-05 0.082456 8.04E-05 0.009849
09. Heavy Bus 102.6137 0.507817 9.463476 2.61E-05 0.065828 0.000909 0.006612
10. Artic 4 Axle 87.24572 0.307459 9.952775 6.38E-05 0.088664 5.16E-05 0.009361
11. Artic 5 Axle 96.62218 0.410379 9.087996 4.74E-05 0.086043 0.000147 0.005655
12. Artic 6 Axle 104.7388 0.417303 8.814774 4.47E-05 0.087314 0.000108 0.005151
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 111.0581 0.393219 8.234647 5.47E-05 0.082283 -9E-05 0.004926
14. B-Double 123.0926 0.377369 8.57147 4.9E-05 0.092193 -6.7E-05 0.004422
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 122.0029 0.387692 8.401896 5.13E-05 0.086992 -2.2E-05 0.004488
16. A-Double 149.4775 0.356311 8.437562 4.78E-05 0.096563 -9.6E-05 0.003699
17. B Triple 174.0196 0.380161 8.518252 4E-05 0.097964 0.000135 0.003171
18. A B Combination 169.4884 0.337568 8.153897 5.05E-05 0.097681 -0.0002 0.003287
19. A-Triple 190.8301 0.338299 8.043317 4.98E-05 0.098255 -0.00015 0.002936
20. Double B-Double 193.6681 0.335128 7.809177 5.09E-05 0.097887 -0.00024 0.002889

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 0

Curvature = 300° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 44: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 21.77701 0.676646 8.84071 1.78E-05 0.029251 0.00078 0.055107
02. Medium Car 28.77737 0.684136 10.14324 1.34E-05 0.027084 0.000915 0.042771
03. Large Car 37.48681 0.709327 10.69816 1.01E-05 0.023856 0.001009 0.030947
04. Courier Van-Utility 32.54266 0.656055 8.087261 1.16E-05 0.038363 0.002476 0.051734
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 35.89298 0.699215 7.008638 1.28E-05 0.034033 0.002077 0.025696
06. Light Rigid 45.38901 0.666827 6.029789 1.99E-05 0.040338 0.00193 0.033109
07. Medium Rigid 52.2994 0.615392 8.454842 1.31E-05 0.035675 0.001824 0.029213
08. Heavy Rigid 70.52667 0.40264 9.203288 1.02E-05 0.072624 0.000369 0.025286
09. Heavy Bus 107.7354 0.583615 7.384707 -5E-06 0.062057 0.000904 0.01559
10. Artic 4 Axle 93.7909 0.324703 9.439323 2.06E-05 0.081556 0.000253 0.021187
11. Artic 5 Axle 103.9641 0.362538 8.677248 1.59E-05 0.079564 0.000287 0.017641
12. Artic 6 Axle 113.1935 0.372582 8.09736 1.25E-05 0.080523 0.000215 0.016133
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 122.7591 0.364701 6.979721 1.2E-05 0.074484 -4E-05 0.015089
14. B-Double 135.7933 0.356468 7.08738 7.06E-06 0.083405 8.51E-06 0.013615
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 135.0691 0.35734 7.031495 9.86E-06 0.078876 3.72E-05 0.013819
16. A-Double 170.3588 0.36611 6.362374 -4.2E-08 0.084517 -5.3E-05 0.010825
17. B Triple 197.0098 0.393853 6.489415 -4.1E-06 0.085982 0.00017 0.009303
18. A B Combination 199.4189 0.368899 5.874719 -3.1E-06 0.082276 -0.00014 0.008982
19. A-Triple 227.1595 0.372549 5.871347 -4.1E-06 0.081963 -0.00012 0.007827
20. Double B-Double 233.9273 0.359344 5.642749 -2.8E-06 0.080346 -0.00019 0.007639

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 40m/km Curvature = 20° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 45: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 21.78375 0.678144 8.701279 1.73E-05 0.029765 0.000732 0.057671
02. Medium Car 28.79335 0.685639 9.990258 1.28E-05 0.027607 0.000865 0.045124
03. Large Car 37.52777 0.710864 10.52145 9.44E-06 0.024393 0.000955 0.033158
04. Courier Van-Utility 32.56191 0.654997 7.993459 1.13E-05 0.03886 0.002429 0.053305
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 35.92078 0.695503 6.97774 1.32E-05 0.034346 0.002043 0.026956
06. Light Rigid 45.38908 0.676261 5.763052 1.78E-05 0.040911 0.001884 0.033457
07. Medium Rigid 52.33585 0.626162 8.130709 1.16E-05 0.035909 0.001778 0.029486
08. Heavy Rigid 70.6196 0.406985 9.073364 9.76E-06 0.072419 0.000362 0.025295
09. Heavy Bus 108.45 0.577681 7.362434 -4.5E-06 0.061632 0.000899 0.015528
10. Artic 4 Axle 93.67407 0.356962 8.785326 1.52E-05 0.081088 0.000245 0.021264
11. Artic 5 Axle 104.0333 0.391645 8.065266 1.17E-05 0.078761 0.000286 0.017668
12. Artic 6 Axle 113.4547 0.397737 7.535838 9E-06 0.079532 0.00022 0.016145
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 123.4886 0.37206 6.711033 1.19E-05 0.072961 5E-06 0.015069
14. B-Double 137.3535 0.354016 6.924007 8.54E-06 0.081304 6.52E-05 0.013544
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 135.9043 0.361419 6.825939 1.05E-05 0.077204 9.1E-05 0.013803
16. A-Double 173.2381 0.358887 6.203839 2.04E-06 0.082041 5.2E-06 0.010723
17. B Triple 200.406 0.388494 6.280163 -2.9E-06 0.083661 0.000211 0.009211
18. A B Combination 202.3999 0.368241 5.622275 -2.6E-06 0.080238 -9.8E-05 0.008904
19. A-Triple 230.3998 0.374513 5.577195 -4.4E-06 0.080046 -8.3E-05 0.007765
20. Double B-Double 237.0755 0.360484 5.377519 -2.7E-06 0.078522 -0.00015 0.007585

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 40m/km

Curvature = 120° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 46: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 21.83955 0.67651 8.368516 1.65E-05 0.030691 0.000646 0.066877
02. Medium Car 28.91282 0.684208 9.581405 1.16E-05 0.028669 0.000763 0.053384
03. Large Car 37.79151 0.708847 10.03177 7.99E-06 0.025576 0.000834 0.040302
04. Courier Van-Utility 32.71224 0.636675 7.853893 1.29E-05 0.039885 0.002318 0.06108
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 36.13688 0.67246 6.971711 1.64E-05 0.034999 0.001958 0.032129
06. Light Rigid 45.44968 0.681482 5.43677 1.65E-05 0.041368 0.001832 0.035492
07. Medium Rigid 52.66385 0.627908 7.642323 1.23E-05 0.036157 0.001693 0.030682
08. Heavy Rigid 71.34569 0.41848 8.511501 9.6E-06 0.07181 0.000302 0.025287
09. Heavy Bus 111.128 0.554634 7.216613 -1.3E-06 0.060151 0.000872 0.015511
10. Artic 4 Axle 94.85839 0.374609 8.127238 1.38E-05 0.079939 0.000191 0.021131
11. Artic 5 Axle 105.0509 0.418287 7.29351 8.38E-06 0.078038 0.000219 0.017553
12. Artic 6 Axle 114.611 0.418395 6.868454 6.86E-06 0.078712 0.000162 0.016059
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 125.3302 0.368537 6.482005 1.56E-05 0.071479 -8.6E-06 0.014917
14. B-Double 140.0574 0.348429 6.675514 1.21E-05 0.079379 5.03E-05 0.013344
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 138.0403 0.361274 6.530508 1.34E-05 0.075656 7.15E-05 0.01364
16. A-Double 177.2015 0.345133 6.049153 6.78E-06 0.079958 -4.5E-06 0.010557
17. B Triple 204.9486 0.378299 6.051701 3E-07 0.08165 0.000194 0.00907
18. A B Combination 206.2298 0.36378 5.34831 -5.4E-07 0.078622 -0.00011 0.008795
19. A-Triple 234.3808 0.37476 5.235795 -3.9E-06 0.078593 -9.6E-05 0.007685
20. Double B-Double 240.9149 0.359891 5.070919 -1.9E-06 0.07717 -0.00016 0.007515

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 40m/km

Curvature = 300° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 47: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 21.99904 0.664673 8.686131 1.62E-05 0.028962 0.000757 0.081558
02. Medium Car 29.08416 0.670193 9.996327 1.17E-05 0.02705 0.000868 0.06638
03. Large Car 37.9282 0.701291 10.40397 8.85E-06 0.024018 0.000957 0.045478
04. Courier Van-Utility 33.27911 0.662872 7.026945 3.19E-06 0.038163 0.002393 0.090493
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 36.53044 0.668795 7.005041 9.45E-06 0.032973 0.002043 0.051212
06. Light Rigid 46.50147 0.649475 5.640557 1.25E-05 0.039829 0.001897 0.062145
07. Medium Rigid 53.46788 0.570361 8.304298 1.15E-05 0.035231 0.001781 0.047612
08. Heavy Rigid 77.71982 0.36783 8.316237 3.25E-06 0.066142 0.000361 0.036443
09. Heavy Bus 118.4576 0.557995 6.246492 -1.2E-05 0.056932 0.000828 0.021452
10. Artic 4 Axle 101.9191 0.334515 8.384086 4.46E-06 0.080324 -6.5E-05 0.029109
11. Artic 5 Axle 113.2533 0.337257 7.804495 6.74E-06 0.077856 -5.1E-06 0.025067
12. Artic 6 Axle 124.4025 0.332789 7.325255 5.54E-06 0.077725 -3.9E-05 0.022928
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 138.2292 0.31611 6.504697 6.97E-06 0.07062 -0.00027 0.02037
14. B-Double 155.0313 0.304834 6.545506 3.08E-06 0.076877 -0.00016 0.018098
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 152.528 0.303685 6.548808 5.98E-06 0.074454 -0.00018 0.01871
16. A-Double 201.5084 0.292156 6.046875 -1.1E-06 0.075173 -0.0002 0.013817
17. B Triple 232.772 0.323409 6.176226 -5.3E-06 0.07617 -3.3E-06 0.01175
18. A B Combination 240.1296 0.235502 6.146186 9.96E-06 0.072352 -0.00029 0.011499
19. A-Triple 274.9925 0.208613 6.337793 1.99E-05 0.071946 -0.00028 0.010137
20. Double B-Double 284.9464 0.192351 6.099853 2.32E-05 0.070245 -0.00033 0.009862

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 60m/km

Curvature = 20° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 48: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 22.00601 0.666305 8.541353 1.56E-05 0.029559 0.000705 0.083996
02. Medium Car 29.10209 0.671336 9.848264 1.11E-05 0.027616 0.000817 0.068691
03. Large Car 37.96987 0.701303 10.25833 8.29E-06 0.024517 0.000908 0.04786
04. Courier Van-Utility 33.30684 0.663352 6.909507 2.58E-06 0.038483 0.002361 0.091965
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 36.55789 0.667906 6.9267 9.35E-06 0.0334 0.002001 0.052086
06. Light Rigid 46.5146 0.659024 5.36819 1.04E-05 0.040041 0.001867 0.062845
07. Medium Rigid 53.50391 0.582655 8.00768 9.82E-06 0.035175 0.001759 0.047656
08. Heavy Rigid 78.21084 0.363399 8.274425 4.36E-06 0.065315 0.000376 0.036344
09. Heavy Bus 119.0811 0.553513 6.223668 -1.2E-05 0.056618 0.000824 0.021397
10. Artic 4 Axle 103.6091 0.339222 7.937484 5.84E-06 0.076856 4.32E-05 0.028979
11. Artic 5 Axle 115.3691 0.332103 7.560967 9.77E-06 0.074311 0.000107 0.024853
12. Artic 6 Axle 126.8047 0.324508 7.148264 8.93E-06 0.074217 7.21E-05 0.022713
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 140.6703 0.314987 6.218685 9.23E-06 0.06761 -0.00017 0.020169
14. B-Double 157.8807 0.303911 6.250501 4.91E-06 0.073914 -8E-05 0.017903
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 155.3684 0.301915 6.271591 8.27E-06 0.071336 -8.4E-05 0.018502
16. A-Double 205.2756 0.293294 5.708607 -7.3E-08 0.072554 -0.00013 0.013669
17. B Triple 237.1165 0.324911 5.821274 -5E-06 0.073702 5.15E-05 0.011629
18. A B Combination 244.1029 0.233969 5.873942 1.25E-05 0.070056 -0.00022 0.01141
19. A-Triple 279.3868 0.206103 6.07951 2.35E-05 0.069718 -0.00021 0.010072
20. Double B-Double 289.2979 0.189086 5.865461 2.74E-05 0.068116 -0.00026 0.009805

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 60m/km

Curvature = 120° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 49: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 22.06228 0.661241 8.268551 1.5E-05 0.030286 0.000636 0.094462
02. Medium Car 29.23015 0.666432 9.514375 1.03E-05 0.028396 0.000738 0.077433
03. Large Car 38.22448 0.695569 9.881117 7.47E-06 0.02534 0.000819 0.055124
04. Courier Van-Utility 33.48581 0.652607 6.723518 2.77E-06 0.038603 0.002315 0.098023
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 36.77218 0.653111 6.848594 1.13E-05 0.034137 0.001909 0.055317
06. Light Rigid 46.58444 0.669546 4.985933 8.23E-06 0.040114 0.001832 0.064465
07. Medium Rigid 53.82781 0.5979 7.455479 8.33E-06 0.035094 0.001703 0.047741
08. Heavy Rigid 79.98585 0.349089 8.094219 8.75E-06 0.063419 0.000359 0.035842
09. Heavy Bus 121.3877 0.539979 6.108798 -1E-05 0.055529 0.000807 0.021104
10. Artic 4 Axle 106.1258 0.336365 7.431609 8.82E-06 0.074663 1.16E-05 0.028651
11. Artic 5 Axle 117.8632 0.325309 7.239637 1.38E-05 0.072274 8.71E-05 0.024536
12. Artic 6 Axle 129.4914 0.316251 6.885916 1.32E-05 0.072215 5.61E-05 0.022418
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 143.5687 0.306699 5.961026 1.38E-05 0.06588 -0.00019 0.019911
14. B-Double 161.2538 0.297547 5.959541 8.6E-06 0.072075 -9.4E-05 0.017656
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 158.6605 0.294216 6.007304 1.26E-05 0.069504 -9.8E-05 0.018247
16. A-Double 208.9125 0.293723 5.348433 1.23E-06 0.071116 -0.00015 0.013535
17. B Triple 241.2634 0.327452 5.422062 -5E-06 0.072303 3.46E-05 0.011523
18. A B Combination 247.7097 0.231323 5.600193 1.57E-05 0.068853 -0.00023 0.011343
19. A-Triple 283.297 0.201802 5.833249 2.81E-05 0.068569 -0.00022 0.010028
20. Double B-Double 293.1199 0.183905 5.645777 3.28E-05 0.067041 -0.00027 0.009769

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 60m/km

Curvature = 300° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 50: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 22.32029 0.638351 8.457562 1.23E-05 0.027831 0.000778 0.143898
02. Medium Car 29.54708 0.647921 9.606611 7.5E-06 0.025998 0.000885 0.118559
03. Large Car 38.5286 0.668705 10.23459 6.15E-06 0.02321 0.00095 0.086986
04. Courier Van-Utility 34.39707 0.665203 6.168753 -2.5E-06 0.037322 0.002296 0.122428
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 37.44664 0.653816 6.274919 3.18E-06 0.032933 0.001947 0.083961
06. Light Rigid 48.32419 0.633581 5.205566 6.13E-06 0.038719 0.001833 0.089417
07. Medium Rigid 55.73066 0.556715 7.647288 6.76E-06 0.033555 0.001731 0.062744
08. Heavy Rigid 87.04416 0.326628 7.840715 -8.2E-08 0.058713 0.000373 0.045384
09. Heavy Bus 130.9259 0.517569 5.374209 -1.9E-05 0.05248 0.000721 0.027006
10. Artic 4 Axle 114.7653 0.271576 8.329702 2.75E-06 0.076418 -0.0003 0.035503
11. Artic 5 Axle 126.5033 0.284345 7.573163 4.62E-06 0.074211 -0.00022 0.030814
12. Artic 6 Axle 139.8735 0.279081 7.045395 3.54E-06 0.073406 -0.00024 0.0281
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 157.9544 0.222609 6.596106 1.08E-05 0.066897 -0.00048 0.024937
14. B-Double 178.6784 0.215884 6.565731 6.81E-06 0.071298 -0.00033 0.021873
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 174.9632 0.214012 6.557188 9.13E-06 0.070041 -0.00037 0.022825
16. A-Double 238.4183 0.160724 6.371468 1.62E-05 0.068295 -0.00037 0.016513
17. B Triple 274.7751 0.190647 6.511399 1.44E-05 0.068886 -0.00019 0.014052
18. A B Combination 287.2938 0.093365 6.269776 4.18E-05 0.065126 -0.00043 0.01373
19. A-Triple 330.0979 0.057983 6.350494 6.3E-05 0.06472 -0.00043 0.012193
20. Double B-Double 342.8597 0.044589 6.063738 6.58E-05 0.063091 -0.00046 0.011863

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 80m/km

Curvature = 20° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 51: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 22.32697 0.641807 8.269515 1.13E-05 0.028512 0.000719 0.146273
02. Medium Car 29.56498 0.650962 9.419935 6.49E-06 0.026658 0.000828 0.120565
03. Large Car 38.56945 0.67069 10.0717 5.39E-06 0.023698 0.000903 0.08863
04. Courier Van-Utility 34.41717 0.665134 6.114566 -2.7E-06 0.037424 0.002283 0.123191
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 37.48462 0.652532 6.188863 2.87E-06 0.03319 0.001918 0.085227
06. Light Rigid 48.35548 0.642527 4.953744 4.27E-06 0.038699 0.001816 0.090075
07. Medium Rigid 55.83282 0.566727 7.391364 5.24E-06 0.033408 0.001716 0.062659
08. Heavy Rigid 87.6042 0.324329 7.742817 9.34E-07 0.057892 0.000386 0.045266
09. Heavy Bus 131.5805 0.513865 5.338644 -1.9E-05 0.052177 0.000718 0.026959
10. Artic 4 Axle 116.7518 0.289501 7.602208 1.77E-06 0.072561 -0.00017 0.035395
11. Artic 5 Axle 129.0754 0.29081 7.073729 5.9E-06 0.070458 -0.0001 0.030501
12. Artic 6 Axle 142.7644 0.281918 6.629753 5.41E-06 0.069767 -0.00013 0.027789
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 161.3933 0.225096 6.184062 1.34E-05 0.063437 -0.00037 0.024627
14. B-Double 182.5335 0.218687 6.157842 8.82E-06 0.067992 -0.00023 0.0216
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 178.7906 0.217036 6.146929 1.13E-05 0.066579 -0.00026 0.022525
16. A-Double 242.9603 0.160989 6.030128 1.96E-05 0.065524 -0.00029 0.016369
17. B Triple 279.914 0.189731 6.180801 1.78E-05 0.066279 -0.00011 0.013947
18. A B Combination 292.0358 0.091031 5.9934 4.78E-05 0.062755 -0.00036 0.013654
19. A-Triple 335.3136 0.055492 6.077929 7.03E-05 0.062449 -0.00035 0.012142
20. Double B-Double 348.0381 0.042062 5.805791 7.33E-05 0.060937 -0.00039 0.011818

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 80m/km

Curvature = 120° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 52: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 22.38143 0.641919 7.879913 9.44E-06 0.029429 0.000635 0.156696
02. Medium Car 29.69182 0.648861 9.001802 4.56E-06 0.027539 0.000742 0.130199
03. Large Car 38.8192 0.670697 9.608563 3.45E-06 0.024681 0.000803 0.094646
04. Courier Van-Utility 34.81281 0.651523 6.034396 -1.8E-06 0.036948 0.002255 0.12507
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 37.73343 0.638046 6.079566 3.84E-06 0.033271 0.001873 0.089452
06. Light Rigid 48.44158 0.653145 4.597237 2.11E-06 0.038742 0.001782 0.091215
07. Medium Rigid 56.27631 0.57908 6.930505 3.53E-06 0.033252 0.001667 0.062272
08. Heavy Rigid 89.50594 0.312607 7.486763 5.24E-06 0.056257 0.00036 0.044757
09. Heavy Bus 133.6075 0.503993 5.218436 -1.8E-05 0.051394 0.0007 0.026739
10. Artic 4 Axle 119.5508 0.297748 6.87023 2.13E-06 0.070533 -0.0002 0.035065
11. Artic 5 Axle 132.0805 0.290389 6.585823 8.6E-06 0.068486 -0.00012 0.030096
12. Artic 6 Axle 145.978 0.278896 6.227653 8.68E-06 0.067864 -0.00015 0.027418
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 164.4562 0.222897 5.824035 1.73E-05 0.061913 -0.00038 0.024372
14. B-Double 185.9548 0.218824 5.77149 1.16E-05 0.06646 -0.00025 0.021377
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 182.2284 0.216209 5.770886 1.47E-05 0.065008 -0.00027 0.022275
16. A-Double 246.7058 0.159216 5.718427 2.36E-05 0.06429 -0.00029 0.016273
17. B Triple 284.2144 0.18755 5.868173 2.16E-05 0.065062 -0.00012 0.013882
18. A B Combination 295.88 0.085138 5.766814 5.58E-05 0.061711 -0.00036 0.013615
19. A-Triple 339.5336 0.048769 5.861335 8.05E-05 0.061447 -0.00036 0.012121
20. Double B-Double 352.1919 0.035376 5.601985 8.38E-05 0.060003 -0.00039 0.011802

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 80m/km

Curvature = 300° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 53: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 22.81627 0.627319 7.643341 6.92E-06 0.028055 0.000705 0.20589
02. Medium Car 30.20063 0.644851 8.719775 2.43E-06 0.026478 0.000794 0.163829
03. Large Car 39.24362 0.660818 9.473121 1.82E-06 0.023633 0.000871 0.126488
04. Courier Van-Utility 35.57831 0.665382 5.605125 -7E-06 0.036163 0.002225 0.150318
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 38.80404 0.648079 5.5489 -1.7E-06 0.032353 0.001845 0.109026
06. Light Rigid 50.1137 0.620951 4.946638 -5.3E-07 0.038724 0.001726 0.115411
07. Medium Rigid 57.99632 0.538815 7.220077 3.67E-06 0.032788 0.001639 0.077111
08. Heavy Rigid 98.67556 0.291459 7.481891 -2.8E-06 0.051638 0.000357 0.051733
09. Heavy Bus 144.9163 0.487704 4.678601 -2.7E-05 0.048637 0.000598 0.031136
10. Artic 4 Axle 128.0443 0.171373 8.807071 1.02E-05 0.074862 -0.00058 0.042077
11. Artic 5 Axle 141.1906 0.20947 7.63609 6.6E-06 0.071933 -0.00046 0.036247
12. Artic 6 Axle 157.2348 0.208761 7.029486 4.85E-06 0.070435 -0.00046 0.032804
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 181.2452 0.109501 6.823851 2.38E-05 0.064108 -0.0007 0.028924
14. B-Double 206.289 0.104754 6.767036 2.07E-05 0.066995 -0.00051 0.025187
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 201.3527 0.100599 6.782692 2.16E-05 0.066797 -0.00057 0.026432
16. A-Double 280.1225 0.043377 6.393418 4.28E-05 0.063198 -0.00053 0.018866
17. B Triple 321.998 0.072114 6.514677 4.5E-05 0.063405 -0.00035 0.016119
18. A B Combination 338.0546 -0.02639 6.083074 8.04E-05 0.060235 -0.00058 0.015826
19. A-Triple 387.5931 -0.06585 6.067933 0.000111 0.060247 -0.00058 0.014208
20. Double B-Double 404.5929 -0.07896 5.770779 0.000116 0.058498 -0.00059 0.013767

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 100m/km

Curvature = 20° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 54: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 22.81554 0.627435 7.49654 6.1E-06 0.028571 0.00066 0.210537
02. Medium Car 30.20508 0.643619 8.605099 1.81E-06 0.026854 0.000761 0.167811
03. Large Car 39.28052 0.659219 9.341566 1.17E-06 0.024045 0.000833 0.129886
04. Courier Van-Utility 35.77219 0.659108 5.599225 -6.6E-06 0.035854 0.002219 0.15043
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 38.89505 0.6453 5.499904 -1.7E-06 0.032331 0.001833 0.109869
06. Light Rigid 50.1144 0.621236 4.843372 -1.3E-07 0.038263 0.001738 0.117116
07. Medium Rigid 58.34971 0.537036 7.115011 4.16E-06 0.032143 0.001645 0.076914
08. Heavy Rigid 99.12405 0.29389 7.315553 -2.6E-06 0.050961 0.000368 0.051688
09. Heavy Bus 145.6107 0.484786 4.630706 -2.7E-05 0.048332 0.000596 0.031092
10. Artic 4 Axle 132.1239 0.185519 7.930512 1.17E-05 0.069352 -0.0004 0.04155
11. Artic 5 Axle 145.1345 0.21772 6.998913 8.39E-06 0.067354 -0.00031 0.035692
12. Artic 6 Axle 161.4171 0.214724 6.477981 6.9E-06 0.066183 -0.00033 0.032304
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 185.416 0.114045 6.356816 2.76E-05 0.060424 -0.00057 0.028577
14. B-Double 210.8751 0.108771 6.325143 2.42E-05 0.063541 -0.00039 0.024898
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 205.9388 0.105651 6.324165 2.5E-05 0.063156 -0.00044 0.026101
16. A-Double 285.4486 0.044214 6.032881 4.86E-05 0.060379 -0.00043 0.018736
17. B Triple 327.9357 0.071027 6.176734 5.14E-05 0.060765 -0.00026 0.016034
18. A B Combination 343.5652 -0.02654 5.772979 8.84E-05 0.057879 -0.00049 0.015762
19. A-Triple 393.6301 -0.06558 5.76171 0.00012 0.058006 -0.0005 0.014167
20. Double B-Double 410.5981 -0.07881 5.481441 0.000126 0.056377 -0.00052 0.013732

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 100m/km

Curvature = 120° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.

Table 55: Coefficients for rural (uninterrupted/free flow speed) VOC model (cents per km)
Vehicle typeBase VOC (c/km)K1K2K3K4K5K6
01. Small Car 22.83076 0.618246 7.30516 5.54E-06 0.028755 0.000632 0.225616
02. Medium Car 30.35869 0.632992 8.37936 1.15E-06 0.02695 0.000731 0.178449
03. Large Car 39.54573 0.648595 9.047941 1.89E-07 0.024288 0.000789 0.13924
04. Courier Van-Utility 36.31417 0.643701 5.521223 -5.6E-06 0.035194 0.002189 0.150954
05. 4WD Mid Size Petrol 39.30201 0.629316 5.474172 -3E-07 0.031918 0.001813 0.111811
06. Light Rigid 50.51551 0.615503 4.671897 1.04E-06 0.037672 0.001715 0.118443
07. Medium Rigid 59.11182 0.534888 6.854957 4.96E-06 0.03151 0.001613 0.076259
08. Heavy Rigid 100.8667 0.293957 6.877132 -6.2E-07 0.049736 0.000336 0.051313
09. Heavy Bus 147.5751 0.478312 4.46454 -2.6E-05 0.047698 0.000577 0.030939
10. Artic 4 Axle 135.4435 0.193477 7.168291 1.37E-05 0.067231 -0.00042 0.041229
11. Artic 5 Axle 148.4371 0.221801 6.426378 1.06E-05 0.065482 -0.00033 0.035283
12. Artic 6 Axle 164.8885 0.217463 5.974856 9.29E-06 0.064436 -0.00034 0.031935
13. Rigid + 5 Axle Dog 188.665 0.112824 5.989117 3.29E-05 0.059023 -0.00058 0.028349
14. B-Double 214.4745 0.108823 5.951336 2.86E-05 0.06216 -0.0004 0.02471
15. Twin steer + 5 Axle Dog 209.5405 0.105984 5.942593 2.95E-05 0.061733 -0.00045 0.02588
16. A-Double 289.4952 0.040729 5.745942 5.62E-05 0.059265 -0.00044 0.018672
17. B Triple 332.5626 0.06612 5.901342 5.98E-05 0.059667 -0.00027 0.016001
18. A B Combination 347.7601 -0.03191 5.538538 1E-04 0.056944 -0.00049 0.015743
19. A-Triple 398.2401 -0.07095 5.531043 0.000134 0.05711 -0.0005 0.014162
20. Double B-Double 415.1446 -0.08417 5.263537 0.00014 0.055545 -0.00052 0.013732

Road width = 8.5m

RF = 100m/km

Curvature = 300° / km

Source: ARRB Group Ltd.