Appendix C Assessment of interventions

Interventions / Options HealthPhysical SafetyPersonal SecurityPedestrian AmenityCycle AmenityEncouraging Mode ShiftCapacityActive Travel Time SavingInstallation CostMaintenance Cost
Roads and streets
Pedestrian Street (eg mall) ✓✓✓   ✓✓✓   Low-High (see Note 1) Low-High (See Note 1)
Shared zone(eg Duporth Avenue) ✓✓   ✓✓ ✓✓   Medium-High (see Note 1) Medium-High (See Note 1)
Traffic calming measures
Road closure (See Note 2)   ✓✓         Low-Medium Low
Half closure (See Note 2)           Low-Medium Low
Build-outs (eg kerb extensions)             Low Low
Gateway treatment   ✓ (See Note 3)             Low Low
Chicanes             Low Low
Raised intersections               Low Low
Pathways within road corridor
Footpath adjacent to road   ✓✓ Low Low
Sealed shoulder   Low-Medium (See Note 4) Low
Wide kerb-side lanes   Low-Medium (See Note 4) Low
Shared bus / cycle lanes   Low-Medium (See Note 4) Low
Peak period cycle lanes ✓✓   ✓✓ Low-Medium (See Note 4) Low
Exclusive on- road cycle lanes ✓✓✓ ✓✓   ✓✓✓ Low-Medium (See Note 4) Low
Segregated on- road cycle lane ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓   ✓✓✓ Low-Medium (See Note 4) Low
Pathways separate to road corridor
Exclusive pedestrian path ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓   ✓✓✓   ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓ Low-Medium Low
Shared ped/cycle path ✓✓✓ ✓✓   ✓✓ ✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓ ✓✓ Low-Medium Low
Segregated ped/cycle path ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓   ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓ Low-Medium Low
Exclusive cycle path ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓     ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓✓ ✓✓ Low-Medium Low
Path upgrades or retrofitting
Widening     Low Low
Resurfacing       N/A Low
Ramps         Low Low
Steps           Low Low
Ancillary infrastructure
Lighting   ✓✓ ✓✓ ✓✓ ✓✓     Medium Low
Seating     ✓✓✓       Low Low
Water points     ✓✓ ✓✓       Low Low
Landscaping (eg shade planting)     ✓✓ ✓✓       Low Low
Handrails / guiderails ✓✓   ✓✓         Low Low
Security cameras     ✓✓✓         Medium Low
Emergency points     ✓✓✓         Medium Low
Wayfinding Signage       ✓✓ ✓✓     Low Low
Lift or escalators (grade separated crossing)         Medium Medium
Non-slip treatment           Low Low
Dropped kerb           Low Low
Blended or level kerb treatment           Low-Medium Low
Refuge island   ✓✓             Low Low
Ped platform (ie raised crossing)             Low Low
Zebra crossing               Low Low
Mid-block signals   ✓✓✓             Medium Medium
Grade separated bridge or tunnel ✓✓✓   ✓ 5 ✓ (See Note 5) ✓✓ ✓✓ High Medium
School patrol crossing
(See Note 6)
  ✓✓ ✓✓       Low Low
Gate controlled (eg at rail line)   ✓✓✓             Medium Low
Cycle path crossing treatments of side roads at priority intersections
Bent-out treatment   ✓✓       Medium Low
Straight treatment         Medium Low
Bent-in treatment         Medium Low
Refuge in the intersection   ✓✓       Medium Low
Further crossing treatments at roundabouts
On-road with traffic           Low Low
Physically separated lanes – at grade   ✓✓✓     ✓✓   Low-Medium Low
Further crossing treatments at Signalised intersections
Single stage signalised ped crossing               Low Low
Head-start storage           Low Low
Hook turn storage box           Low Low
Left-turn treatments           Low Low
T-intersection bypass   ✓✓       Low Low
Bicycle loop detectors         ✓✓   Low Low
Push button cycle signals         ✓✓   Low Low
Other strategies
Ped signal coordination             ✓✓✓ Low Low
Count-down timers   ✓✓         Low Low
Scramble signals – all movements   ✓✓   ✓✓     Low Low
End-of-trip facilities
Showers       ✓✓✓ ✓✓     Low-Medium Low
Changing rooms       ✓✓✓ ✓✓     Low-Medium Low
Bag Lockers     ✓✓ ✓✓ ✓✓     Low Low
Bike parking
Stand or racks           Low Low
Shared gated park area     ✓✓       Low Low
Bike lockers     ✓✓✓       Medium Low


  • Dependent on the level of treatment used eg simple bollards or signage at the end of street to an overall street refurbishing
  • Allowing for cyclists through the intervention
  • If used in conjunction with other physical devices eg signage or line markings
  • Dependent on if road widening is required
  • Dependent on the design of the infrastructure
  • While in operation with patrol